1) Creating an empty file.
We can use touch command for make a new file in Linux. Syntax is following.
2) Deleting a file
touch [new file name]
When deleting a file we use the command rm.
3) Copy or move a file.
rm [file name]
For copy a file to a different location we use cp command.
cp /var/www/html/new.php /temp
To move a file we use same syntax with the command mv.
4) Renaming a file.
mv /var/www/html/new.php /temp
The command we use to rename a file is same as moving file.we can do it like this.
5) Know what in a file
mv /var/www/html/new.php /var/www/html/new2.php
when we need to quickly check what inside a file we use cat command.
Cat [file name]
There are another two commands like cat. Head command can be used to see what inside the head section of a file and tail is used to see last section of a file
head [file name]
tail [file name]
6) Edit a file
nano [file name]
for editing text file and any other files we can use a simple CLI editor called nano.
7) Giving permissions to a file.
chmod -R 777 [file name]
The chmod command is used to give or edit permissions to a folder or a file.